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Broad Oak Medical Dental


On many occasions, people are often told the reasons for toothache is due to cavities which can be a daunting reality for people. Toothaches can sometimes begin very suddenly. They can also cause pain and discomfort that can be mild or severe which may also affect your head, jaw and ear.

However, our professional Cranbourne dentists understand there are other reasons causing pain to come from your pearly whites. To pinpoint the problem and avoid unnecessary stress we have provided several reasons you may be experiencing dental discomfort.

Reasons for a Toothache Dental Centre Cranbourne

Reasons for Toothache Include:

1. Sensitive Teeth:

Sometimes you might have pain from your teeth when your teeth are exposed to cold air, foods and liquids. This could mean your teeth have become sensitive linked to stimuli such as cold temperature. Mild sensitivity can be related to receding gums or a worn-down tooth.

2. Brushing your Teeth too Hard:

It is understandable you want to try get your teeth as clean as possible. However, by applying increased pressure or brushing over-aggressively it can cause more problems and discomfort. Intense brushing can strip away the structure of the actual tooth and the gums that cover the root of your tooth.

3. Severe Sinus Infection:

During flu or allergy season, you may suddenly develop a sinus infection that asserts a level of pain to your teeth. The reasons for toothache is because the roots of certain teeth sit right by the sinuses. The pressure that comes from the sinus infection can impact your tooth pain.

4. Grinding or Clenching Your Teeth when Sleeping:

Also known as bruxism, can occur without you knowing it in your sleep. An imbalance in the meeting of your teeth when they grind can cause tooth pain. Over time, it can lead to tooth sensitivity and pain. The ways to treat this type of pain could involve using a night guard, after evaluation by your dentist.

5. Cracked Tooth:

This can be caused by many things due to trauma to the mouth. This can be anything from biting down on a hard object or receiving some kind of blow to the face. Severe bruxism may also be a reason for your toothache. The symptoms of a cracked tooth could include a sharp pain when chewing or biting. It would be helpful to visit your dentist so they can restore the tooth before the crack worsens.


The reason for toothache could have an easy or simple-to-treat cause or it can become more complicated. Therefore, it can be best to be prepared and speak to your dentist for a proper evaluation. By following up with your regular dental care appointments every six months to avoid any serious problems.

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Gum disease is an infection of the gums and surrounding tissue which is caused by plaque build up on the teeth. There are two stages of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. The leading cause of gum disease is lack of dental hygiene including brushing and flossing teeth.

gum disease

The Two Stages Of Gum Disease


Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. Initially, gums may feel swollen and appear increasingly red. During brushing, the gums may even appear to bleed, thus becoming painful and uncomfortable.  If gingivitis is not treated correctly, it may transition to a more severe form of the disease, periodontitis.


Periodontitis is the second stage of gum disease where the infection spreads to the supporting bone and fibre which hold the tooth in place. At this stage, the damage caused may be permanent, thus causing further problems down the track.

At this severe and advanced stage of gum disease, the gum is weakened to the point where a small gap may form between the tooth root and the gum. This gap is called the ‘periodontal pocket’, where bacteria can get trapped, causing even more irreversible damage to the gums and teeth.

In the worst case scenario, teeth may become loose and fall out, or in severe cases, be extracted by a dentist.

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How To Know If You Have Gum Disease?

Gum disease can occur at any stage of life. Symptoms to look out for may include:

  • Inflamed, red, swollen gums
  • Increased sensitivity or pain in gums, especially when brushing teeth.
  • Bleeding gums during brushing or flossing
  • Receded gums, making particular teeth appear ‘longer’
  • Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth

How To Treat Gum Disease

It is important if you do recognise any symptoms of gum disease, to seek professional help as soon as possible. At Cranbourne Dental Centre, we inspect the plaque and tartar build up, and clean where needed. In the case of gingivitis, we will instruct on the correct dental hygiene technique.

In the case of periodontitis, further action may be required. Non-surgical treatment includes antibiotics to treat any infection and root planning; this includes smoothing over root surfaces, discouraging any further tartar and bacteria build up.

Surgical treatments include gum pocket reduction surgery, reducing the size of any open gum tissue. Soft tissue and bone grafts are another option, to reinforce damaged tissue or bone, to reduce further damage in the future.

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How Can I Prevent Gum Disease?

Gum disease is completely preventable and with a few easy steps, it is easy to reduce your likelihood of any infection.

  • Brushing teeth at least twice a day, for on average 2 minutes.
  • Using a soft toothbrush to reduce pressure and replacing their toothbrush every 3-4 months.
  • Better yet, an electric toothbrush is a fantastic option to increase efficiency and cleanliness
  • Flossing once a day to remove hard to see and reach plaque buildup.
  • Consuming a healthy diet and reducing sugar intake
  • Regular dental check-ups
Need to book an appointment? Just give us a call (03) 5995 1000 or contact us here 

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